For me it always comes back to plato's republic.
What is the best way to stop the cycle of poverty and violence of the inner cities?
Completely remove the children from that environment and instill completely different morals and values (ones which society wants to instill).
What is one of the best equalizers in a capitalist society?
Of course it would not be to the extreme of plato's republic, children would still be able to be children and go home to their parents. At first they would be able to, but the system could morph into something different and unexpected.
Also as a side note in 451 they as shipped their children off to school for long periods of time, but that was so the parents would not have to deal with them.